Treatment of 1242 bulbar urethral strictures: multivariable statistical analysis

World J Urol 2019; 37: 1165-1171.

PURPOSE: We investigated the success rate of different surgical techniques for bulbar stricture repair.
METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with bulbar urethral strictures treated using different techniques. The primary outcome of the study was to evaluate the overall results of treatment (success vs. failure); the secondary outcome was to evaluate the outcome according to any surgical technique. Cysto-urethrography was performed 1 month following surgery. Patients underwent clinical evaluation, uroflowmetry and residual urine measurement every 6 months for 2 years after surgery and later once on year. When patient showed obstructive symptoms, Qmax < 12 ml/s, the urethrography was repeated. Patients who underwent further treatment for recurrent stricture were classified as failures. A bivariable and multivariable statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: Overall, 1242 patients were included in the study with mean age 40 years (range 12-84). Median stricture length was 4 cm (range 1-8). The median follow-up was 103 months (range 12-362). Over 1242 patients, 916 (73.8%) were success and 326 (26.2%) failures. Fourteen different surgical techniques showed a success rate ranging from 87.5 to 14.3%. The multivariable analysis showed that stricture length was an independent predictor factors for failure: p < 0.0001 CI 1146-1509. End-end anastomosis and oral mucosa graft urethroplasty are independent predictor factor of success after internal urethrotomy failure. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that treatment of bulbar urethral stricture is satisfactory on 73.8% of patients, but with a wide range of success rate (from 14.3 to 87.5%) using different techniques. Oral mucosa is greatly superior to the skin as substitute material.