Repair of sphincter urethral strictures preserving urinary continence: surgical technique and outcomes.

World J Urol, 2019; 37:2473-2479

INTRODUCTION: Repair of post-TURP sphincter urethral strictures represents challenging problem, due to the risk of urinary incontinence after the repair. We described a surgical technique we use to repair these strictures preserving urinary continence in patients with incompetent bladder neck.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational, retrospective, study was conducted to include patients with post-TURP urethral strictures in the area of distal sphincter. We included only patients with complete clinical data and follow-up who previously underwent TURP or HOLEP or TUIP, and subsequently developed proximal bulbar urethral strictures close to the membranous urethra and the related distal urethral sphincter. Patients were included, if they were fully continent after TURP or other procedures to treat BPH. The primary outcome of the study was treatment failure, defined as the need for any post-operative instrumentation. Secondary outcome was post-urethroplasty urinary continence. Patients showing stricture recurrence or post-operative incontinence were classified as failure.
RESULTS: Overall, 69 patients were included in the study. Median patient’s age was 67 years; median stricture length was 4 cm. Thirty-tree patients (47.8%) underwent previous urethrotomy. Median follow-up was 52 months. Out of 69 patients, 55 (79.7%) were classified as success and 14 (20.3%) as failure. Out of the whole cohort, thus, 11/69 (16%) have a risk of recurrent strictures and 3/69 (4.3%) have incontinence.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of modified ventral onlay graft urethroplasty, using particular non-aggressive steps, is a suitable surgical technique for repair of sphincter urethral stricture in patients who underwent BPH transurethral surgery, using different procedures (TURP, HOLEP, TUIP).